The Korean journal of internal medicine 2017 10 12() doi 10.3904/kjim.2016.418
Little is known about tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF)-induced nephrotoxicity in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients in Korea. The objective of this study was to evaluate the incidence and risk factors of TDF-associated nephrotoxicity among HIV-infected patients in Korea.
A single-center retrospective cohort study was conducted on HIVinfected patients in Korea. We included patients who had started TDF or abacavir (ABC)-based antiretroviral therapy (ART) between October 2006 and December 2014. Estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was estimated using the Chronic Kidney Disease-Epidemiology Collaboration equation. Renal dysfunction was defined as > 25% decrease of baseline eGFR. A propensity matched case-control study was conducted to compare renal dysfunction rates between the two groups. The risk factors of nephrotoxicity were analyzed by Cox regression analysis.
A total of 210 HIV-infected patients were included in the study, of which, 108 were TDF-based ART group and 102 were ABC-based ART group. Renal dysfunction occurred in 16 patients (14.8%) in the TDF group and 11 (10.8%) in the ABC group. Incidence of renal dysfunction of TDF and ABC group was 9.66 per 100 person-years (PYs) and 5.14 per 100 PYs, respectively (p = 0.176). In propensityscore-matched analysis, renal dysfunction rates were TDF 13.3% versus ABC 13.3% (p > 0.999). In multivariable analysis, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention clinical category C was a significant risk factor for renal dysfunction.
Approximately, 13% of HIV-infected patients treated with TDF had renal dysfunction. Advanced stage of HIV infection was a significant risk factor for renal dysfunction.