Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a devastating complication of intracranial tumor surgery. The present study helps identify patients at the greatest risk of developing VTE.
The aim of the study was to evaluate the incidence of and risk factors for VTE following craniotomy for intracranial tumors.
This was a retrospective cohort study.
Data from the institutional database (between January 2017 and December 2018) were reviewed. Consecutive patients with intracranial tumors who underwent craniotomy were included.
Patient characteristics were reported as descriptive data, and factors associated with VTE development were analyzed by the Cox regression model.
The study identified 177 patients. The incidence of VTE was 10.2% (deep-vein thrombosis [DVT], 8.5%; pulmonary embolism [PE] 1.7%; and simultaneous DVT and PE, 1.7%). In univariate analysis, VTE development was associated with diabetes mellitus (DM), operative duration of >420 min, blood transfusion, and new-onset postoperative motor deficits. DM and new-onset postoperative motor deficits were statistically significant factors in multivariable analysis, with hazard ratios of 4.52 (95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.38-14.82) and 3.46 (95% CI = 1.17-10.23), respectively.
Postcraniotomy VTE was detected in 10.2% of patients with intracranial tumors. Risk factors for VTE included DM and new-onset postoperative motor deficits. Hence, intracranial tumor patients with these risk factors are the most likely to require VTE prophylaxis with an anticoagulant.

Copyright: © 2020 Asian Journal of Neurosurgery.