Korean journal of ophthalmology : KJO 2017 10 12() doi 10.3341/kjo.2017.0050
To investigate the incidence and risk factors of cystoid macular edema (CME) after silicone oil (SO) injection for retinal detachment.
Fifty-eight patients with retinal detachment treated by vitrectomy with SO tamponade during 2011 to 2015 were retrospectively assigned to CME and non-CME groups. Patients underwent complete ophthalmological examination, including color fundus photography and preoperative and postoperative optical coherence tomography. Risk factors for CME during SO tamponade were determined by regression analyses.
Of the 58 eyes, 21 (36.2%) exhibited CME. The presence of posterior staphyloma in the CME group was significantly more frequent than in the non-CME group (p = 0.026). There were no significant differences in other demographic or clinical characteristics between the CME and non-CME groups. Significant correlations were observed between CME after vitrectomy with SO tamponade and the presence of posterior staphyloma (odds ratio, 4.03; p = 0.031). Of the 21 eyes with CME, 13 underwent SO removal, among which 11 experienced resolution of CME with or without further intervention.
The presence of posterior staphyloma is significantly associated with CME after vitrectomy with SO tamponade. Patients with retinal detachment exhibiting posterior staphyloma should be evaluated for potential CME during SO tamponade.