The purpose of this study was to evaluate the incidence of bladder cancer (BCa) in patients with the main neurological diseases that induce neurogenic lower urinary tract dysfunction, namely, multiple sclerosis (MS), spinal cord injury (SCI) and spina bifida (SB).
We conducted a retrospective analysis of nationwide data from the French Hospital Discharge Database (PMSI) from January 2010 to December 2018. The incidence of BCa was calculated in patients with MS, SCI and SB. Incidence, sex, age, radical cystectomy after BCa diagnosis and in-hospital deaths were compared between the three groups. The Chi and Kruskal-Wallis tests were used for qualitative and quantitative data comparisons, respectively.
Overall, 2015 neuro-urological patients (mean (± SD) age: 65.4 ± 12.3 years) were hospitalized in France between 2010 and 2018 with a new diagnosis of BCa. In neuro-urological patients, BCa was more frequent in men than in women (sex ratio: 3.08). The incidence of BCa in neuro-urological patients was 174.9/100,000 persons/year. The incidence of BCa was 791.1/100,000 persons/year in SCI compared to 56.6 in MS and 113.8 in SB (p < 0.0001). After the initial diagnosis of BCa, 551 (27.3%) patients underwent a radical cystectomy and 613 (30.4%) died in hospital after BCa diagnosis.
The incidence of BCa in France between 2010 and 2018 was 174.9/100 000 persons/year, and was particularly high in patients with SCI.

© 2022. The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature.