The burden of sexually transmitted infections (STI) among solid-organ transplant recipients is currently unknown. We studied the risk of STIs among kidney transplant recipients compared with the general population in a nationwide cohort.
Between 2002 and 2019, all microbiological findings of Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Treponema pallidum (syphilis), and human immunodeficiency virus among kidney transplant recipients <65 years and transplanted between 1995 and 2017 in our country were captured from statutory national registries. Data from the general population of Finland, population 5.5 million, were used for comparisons. Incidence of STIs and age and sex-adjusted standardized incidence ratios (SIR) were calculated.
Altogether 3612 transplantations, with a total follow-up of 27 069 person-years were included. A total of 30 STIs microbiological findings of STI were confirmed in 25 patients: C. trachomatis (N = 27), N. gonorrhoeae (N = 2), and syphilis (N = 1). No hospitalizations associated with STIs were detected. The risk of STI after kidney transplantation was significantly lower compared to the general population (SIR, 0.57, 95% CI 0.39-0.80). The lower risk of STIs was more pronounced in female patients (SIR 0.40, 95% CI 0.20-0.74), whereas in male patients the difference was statistically not significant (SIR 0.69, 95% CI 0.44-1.04)). Of the confirmed STI cases, 30% were detected in patients who received their transplants during adolescence.
Within the Finnish kidney transplant population, the age and sex-adjusted incidence of sexually transmitted infections is not higher compared to the general population. Highest frequency of infections was seen among patients transplanted during adolescence. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.