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Income inequality and high blood pressure in Colombia: a multilevel analysis.

Income inequality and high blood pressure in Colombia: a multilevel analysis.
Author Information (click to view)

Lucumi DI, Schulz AJ, Roux AVD, Grogan-Kaylor A,


Lucumi DI, Schulz AJ, Roux AVD, Grogan-Kaylor A, (click to view)

Lucumi DI, Schulz AJ, Roux AVD, Grogan-Kaylor A,

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Cadernos de saude publica 2017 11 2133(11) e00172316 pii S0102-311X2017001105011
Abstract

The objective of this research was to examine the association between income inequality and high blood pressure in Colombia. Using a nationally representative Colombian sample of adults, and data from departments and municipalities, we fit sex-stratified linear and logistic multilevel models with blood pressure as a continuous and binary variable, respectively. In adjusted models, women living in departments with the highest quintile of income inequality in 1997 had higher systolic blood pressure than their counterparts living in the lowest quintile of income inequality (mean difference 4.42mmHg; 95%CI: 1.46, 7.39). Women living in departments that were at the fourth and fifth quintile of income inequality in 1994 were more likely to have hypertension than those living in departments at the first quintile in the same year (OR: 1.56 and 1.48, respectively). For men, no associations of income inequality with either systolic blood pressure or hypertension were observed. Our findings are consistent with the hypothesis that income inequality is associated with increased risk of high blood pressure for women. Future studies to analyze pathways linking income inequality to high blood pressure in Colombia are needed.

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