This study states that the Contemporary data on outcomes in open thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm (TAAA) repair are limited to reports from major aortic referral centers showing excellent outcomes. This study aimed to characterize the national experience of open TAAA repair using national outcomes data, with a primary focus on the association of hospital volume with mortality and morbidity. The Nationwide Inpatient Sample was queried from 1998 to 2011, and all patients with a diagnosis of TAAA who underwent open operative repair were included. These patients were further stratified into tertiles based on the operative volume of the institution that performed the operation: low volume (LV), <3 cases/y; medium volume (MV), 3 to 11 cases/y; and high volume (HV), ≥12 cases/y. Baseline demographics as well as perioperative outcomes were compared between these groups. Multivariable logistic regression was performed to determine predictors of operative mortality and morbidity. Subgroup analyses were performed for patients presenting for elective surgery and for those presenting for urgent and emergent surgery. Patients with TAAA in the United States operated on at HV centers have significantly lower mortality and morbidity compared with patients operated on at lower volume centers. Consideration of referral to HV centers may be warranted, but further research is required to justify this conclusion.

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