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Increased Levels of Cardiac Troponin I in Subjects with Extremely Low B-type Natriuretic Peptide Levels.

Increased Levels of Cardiac Troponin I in Subjects with Extremely Low B-type Natriuretic Peptide Levels.
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Sugawa S, Masuda I, Kato K, Yoshimura M,


Sugawa S, Masuda I, Kato K, Yoshimura M, (click to view)

Sugawa S, Masuda I, Kato K, Yoshimura M,

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Scientific reports 2018 03 238(1) 5120 doi 10.1038/s41598-018-23441-z
Abstract

Because of the lack of studies focused on the biological implications of extremely low B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels, we investigated whether extremely low BNP levels could be harmful to the cardiovascular system due to compromised cardio-protection. By using cardiac troponin I (cTnI) as an indicator of cardiovascular disorder, we assessed whether cTnI was inversely associated with BNP in populations with low BNP levels. A total of 2,001 apparently healthy subjects older than 38 years were included in this study. We defined subgroups from this population by limiting the maximum BNP level with cut-off values ranging from 1 through 20 pg/mL and performed covariance structure analyses by comparing log(BNP) with log(cTnI) in each subgroup. The beta values between log(BNP) and log(cTnI) sharply decreased as the BNP cut-off was reduced from 20 pg/mL (beta = 0.04) to 1 pg/mL (beta = -0.29) and became significant when the BNP cut-off levels were lower than 4 pg/mL (p < 0.005). In subgroups with BNP levels lower than 4 pg/mL, elevation in cTnI level was inversely associated with BNP (p < 0.005), which suggests that insufficient BNP may play a pathogenic role in the occurrence of cardiovascular abnormalities.

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