Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and cancer have inverse relationship in many aspects. Some tumor suppressors, including miR-34c, are decreased in cancer but increased in AD. The upstream regulatory pathways and the downstream mechanisms of miR-34c in AD remain to be investigated. The expression of miR-34c was detected by RT-qPCR in oxidative stressed neurons, hippocampus of SAMP8 mice, or serum of patients with amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI). Dual luciferase assay was performed to confirm the binding sites of miR-34c in its target mRNA. The Morris water maze (MWM) was used to evaluate learning and memory in SAMP8 mice administrated with miR-34c antagomir (AM34c). Golgi staining was used to evaluate the synaptic function and structure. The dramatically increased miR-34c was mediated by ROS-JNK-p53 pathway and negatively regulated synaptotagmin 1 (SYT1) expression by targeting the 3′-untranslated region (3′-UTR) of syt1 in AD. The expression of SYT1 protein was reduced by over expression of miR-34c in the HT-22 cells and vice versa. Administration of AM34c by the third ventricle injection or intranasal delivery markedly increased the brain levels of SYT1 and ameliorated the cognitive function in SAMP8 mice. The serum miR-34c was significantly increased in patients with aMCI and might be a predictive biomarker for diagnosis of aMCI. These results indicated that increased miR-34c mediated synaptic and memory deficits by targeting SYT1 through ROS-JNK-p53 pathway and the miR-34c/SYT1 pathway could be considered as a promising novel therapeutic target for patients with AD.© 2020 The Authors. Aging Cell published by the Anatomical Society and John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
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