We aimed to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis regarding the use of incretin-based therapies including dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors and glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonists as well as sodium-glucose co-transporter-2 (SGLT2) inhibitorsin persons with posttransplantation diabetes mellitus (PTDM) so as to assess both their efficacy and safety.
We searched for publications on Kidney/Renal Transplantation and DPP-4 inhibitors, GLP-1-receptor agonists and SGLT-2 inhibitors and included every study using these antidiabetics. A p-value < 0.05 was considered statistical significant.
Sixteen studies and 310 individuals with a mean age of 55.98 ± 8.81 years were included in the analysis. Participants received DPP-4 inhibitors in 8 studies, SGLT-2 inhibitors in 6 studies and GLP-1 receptor agonists in 2 studies, with a mean follow-up of 22.03 ± 14.95 weeks. Hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) reduction was demonstrated in 10 studies (mean +/- standard deviation (MD) = – 0.38 %, I=45%). MD of HbA1c was -0.3741 and -0.4596 mg/dl for DPP-4 inhibitors and SGLT-2 inhibitors respectively. Nine studies demonstrated differences in fasting plasma glucose (FPG) (MD = – 25,76) and 5 studies in post-prandial glucose (PPG) (MD = – 6.61) before and following treatment. Most studies did not show adverse effects on the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and hepatic function.
DPP-4 inhibitors and SGLT2 inhibitors appear both efficacious and safe in renal transplant recipients. More high-quality studies are required to guide therapeutic choices for PTDM.

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