Advertisement

 

 

Infant Development and Pre- and Post-partum Depression in Rural South African HIV-Infected Women.

Infant Development and Pre- and Post-partum Depression in Rural South African HIV-Infected Women.
Author Information (click to view)

Rodriguez VJ, Matseke G, Cook R, Bellinger S, Weiss SM, Alcaide ML, Peltzer K, Patton D, Lopez M, Jones DL,


Rodriguez VJ, Matseke G, Cook R, Bellinger S, Weiss SM, Alcaide ML, Peltzer K, Patton D, Lopez M, Jones DL, (click to view)

Rodriguez VJ, Matseke G, Cook R, Bellinger S, Weiss SM, Alcaide ML, Peltzer K, Patton D, Lopez M, Jones DL,

Advertisement
Share on FacebookTweet about this on TwitterShare on LinkedIn

AIDS and behavior 2017 10 06() doi 10.1007/s10461-017-1925-0

Abstract

HIV-exposed infants born to depressed women may be at risk for adverse developmental outcomes. Half of HIV-infected women in rural South Africa (SA) may suffer from pregnancy-related depression. This pilot study examined the impact of depression in HIV-infected women in rural SA on infant development. Mother-infant dyads (N = 69) were recruited in rural SA. Demographics, HIV disclosure, depression, male involvement, and alcohol use at baseline (18.35 ± 5.47 weeks gestation) were assessed. Male involvement, depression, infant HIV serostatus and development were assessed 12 months postnatally. Half of the women (age = 29 ± 5) reported depression prenatally and one-third reported depression postnatally. In multivariable logistic regression, not cohabiting with their male partner, nondisclosure of HIV status, and postnatal depression predicted cognitive delay; decreased prenatal male involvement predicted delayed gross motor development (ps < 0.05). Assessing pregnancy-related depression among HIV-infected women and infant development and increasing male involvement may reduce negative developmental outcomes among HIV-exposed or infected infants.

Submit a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

14 + fifteen =

[ HIDE/SHOW ]