Clinical endocrinology 2017 10 0488(1) 123-128 doi 10.1111/cen.13475
Previous studies did not focus on the differences in the extent of cervical lymph node (LN) dissection according to coexistent Hashimoto’s thyroiditis (HT) in patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) and its clinical impact. We aimed to determine whether extensive cervical LN dissection is responsible for favourable clinical outcomes in PTC patients with HT and whether the coexistence of HT itself has an independent protective effect regardless of LN status.
Retrospective cohort study.
1369 patients with PTC who underwent total thyroidectomy with central compartment neck dissection.
Metastatic LN ratio, defined as number of metastatic LNs divided by number of removed LNs, was used to evaluate the extent of LN dissection as well as the status of LN metastasis. Disease-free survival and dynamic risk stratification were compared for clinical outcomes.
Presence of HT did not lower the risk of cervical LN metastasis (61.6% in patients with HT vs 65.1% in patients without HT, P = .292). Patients with HT had significantly larger numbers of removed LNs than patients without HT (11 vs 8, respectively, P < .001). Accordingly, metastatic LN ratio was smaller in patients with HT (P = .002), which was independently associated with structural persistent/recurrent disease (hazard ratio [HR] 2.33, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.30-4.16, P = .004). HT itself was negatively associated with structural persistent/recurrent disease after adjustment for other clinicopathological factors (HR 0.39, 95% CI 0.18-0.87, P = .020). CONCLUSIONS
Coexistence of HT itself is an independent factor associated with favourable outcome in PTC patients, regardless of the extent of LN dissection.