Anti-HLA immunization determined by Panel Reactive Antibody (PRA) is known to have a negative impact on patient and graft survival. The predictive value of peak PRA (pPRA) on immunologic outcome, however, and the individual effects of anti-HLA class I and II antibodies remain uncertain.
The influence of HLA immunization on immunologic outcome parameters and graft survival was investigated in 1150 adult patients without pretransplant donor-specific antibodies (DSA) and in a subgroup of elderly kidney recipients aged ≥ 65 (n = 264). Anti-HLA immunization was defined as a pPRA > 0%. We investigated the influence of class I and II pPRA by dividing all kidney recipients into four pPRA groups (0%, 1-20%, 21-80%, >80%).
Patients with non-donor-specific pretransplant anti-HLA immunization were at a higher risk for developing de novo DSA (49.9% vs. 18.7% p < 0.001), antibody mediated rejections (ABMR) (15.7% vs. 5.1%; p < 0.001), had a poorer death censored graft survival (69.2% vs. 86.2%; p < 0.001) and a higher decline of the calculated GFR. In elderly patients anti-HLA immunization only had a significant influence on the development of DSA (40.5% vs. 27.4%; p = 0.004). A multivariate model adjusted for all relevant factors revealed only class I but not class II pretransplant HLA immunization as a significant independent risk factor for de novo DSA, ABMR and death censored graft loss (HR 2.76, p < 0.001, HR 4.16, p < 0.001 and HR 2.07, p < 0.001, respectively).
Mainly non-donor-specific pretransplant HLA class I immunization is an independent risk factor for the development of de novo DSA, ABMR and graft loss.
Copyright © 2020. Published by Elsevier B.V.