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Inhibition of focal adhesion kinase overcomes resistance of mantle cell lymphoma to ibrutinib in the bone marrow microenvironment.

Inhibition of focal adhesion kinase overcomes resistance of mantle cell lymphoma to ibrutinib in the bone marrow microenvironment.
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Rudelius M, Rosenfeldt MT, Leich E, Rauert-Wunderlich H, Solimando AG, Beilhack A, Ott G, Rosenwald A,


Rudelius M, Rosenfeldt MT, Leich E, Rauert-Wunderlich H, Solimando AG, Beilhack A, Ott G, Rosenwald A, (click to view)

Rudelius M, Rosenfeldt MT, Leich E, Rauert-Wunderlich H, Solimando AG, Beilhack A, Ott G, Rosenwald A,

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Haematologica 2017 10 27() pii haematol.2017.177162
Abstract

Mantle cell lymphoma and other lymphoma subtypes often spread to the bone marrow, and stromal interactions mediated by focal adhesion kinase frequently enhance survival and drug resistance of the lymphoma cells. To study the role of focal adhesion kinase in mantle cell lymphoma, immunohistochemistry of primary cases and functional analysis of mantle cell lymphoma cell lines and primary mantle cell lymphoma cells cocultured with bone marrow stromal cells (BMSC) using small molecule inhibitors and RNAi based focal adhesion kinase silencing was performed. We could show that focal adhesion kinase is highly expressed in bone marrow infiltrates of mantle cell lymphoma and in mantle cell lymphoma cell lines. Stroma-mediated activation of focal adhesion kinase led to activation of multiple kinases (AKT, p42/44 and NF-κB), that are important for prosurvival and proliferation signalling. Interestingly, RNAi based focal adhesion kinase silencing or inhibition with small molecule inhibitors (FAKi) resulted in blockage of targeted cell invasion and induced apoptosis by inactivation of multiple signalling cascades, including the classical and alternative NF-κB pathway. In addition, the combined treatment of ibrutinib and FAKi was highly synergistic, and ibrutinib resistance of mantle cell lymphoma could be overcome. These data demonstrate that focal adhesion kinase is important for stroma-mediated survival and drug-resistance in mantle cell lymphoma, providing indications for a targeted therapeutic strategy.

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