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Inhibition of Human Immunodeficiency Type 1 Virus (HIV-1) Life Cycle by Different Egg White Lysozymes.

Inhibition of Human Immunodeficiency Type 1 Virus (HIV-1) Life Cycle by Different Egg White Lysozymes.
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Behbahani M, Nosrati M, Mohabatkar H,


Behbahani M, Nosrati M, Mohabatkar H, (click to view)

Behbahani M, Nosrati M, Mohabatkar H,

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Applied biochemistry and biotechnology 2018 01 13() doi 10.1007/s12010-017-2678-y
Abstract

Lysozyme is a relatively small enzyme with different biological activities, which is found in tears, saliva, egg white, and human milk. In the study, the anti-HIV-1 activity of lysozymes purified from quail, Meleagris, and hen egg white has been determined. For this end, a time-of-drug-addition assay was performed to identify the target of anti-HIV-1 agents and for determination of probable anti HIV-1 mechanism of the studied lysozyme, the binding affinity of the lysozymes to the human CD4 receptor was studied by molecular docking method. To define structural differences between studied lysozymes, structural motifs of them were predicted by MEME tool. Quail, hen, and Meleagris lysozymes showed potent anti-HIV-1 activity with EC50 of 7.5, 10, and 55 nM, respectively. The time-of-drug-addition study demonstrated that the inhibitory effect of all purified lysozymes is before HIV-1 infection. The frequency and intensity of CD4 expression in PBMCs decreased in the presence of all mentioned lysozymes. Also, the expression level of C-C chemokine receptor type 5 (CCR5) and chemokine receptor type 4 (CXCR4) on CD4+ T cells was not changed in cells treated with these lysozymes. The results of in silico study confirmed that the binding energy of quail lysozyme with CD4 was more than that of other studied lysozymes. The results revealed that these lysozymes restrict HIV-1 attachment to host cell CD4.

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