This study was devoted to assessing the inhibitory potential of acetone, methanol, and ethanol extracts of Acroptilon repens against disease-associated enzymes, as well as their antioxidant/antibacterial activity and phytochemical composition.
Comparative assessment using various antioxidant evaluation methods, including ferric reducing antioxidant power, scavenging ability on 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl radical and hydrogen peroxide, and reducing power, indicated that the acetone extract presented the highest antioxidant activity, due to its highest total antioxidant content.
The total phenolic content and total flavonoids content of these extracts were 3.44 ± 0.32 mg GAE/g DW and 2.09 ± 0.2 mg QE/g DW, respectively. The hydrodistillation essential oil from A. repens was analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy, and 17 compounds were identified. All extracts showed good inhibitory activities against disease-related enzyme acetylcholinesterase and α-amylase, with the lowest IC50 for acetonic extract. Extracts of A. repens exhibited inhibiting activities against the Gram-positive bacteria, with the most effect of acetone extract.
Our findings suggest A. repens as a promising source of natural antioxidant, antimicrobial, anti-cholinesterase and anti-amylase agents for the management of oxidative damage, and pharmaceutical, food, and cosmeceutical purposes.