Sterile alpha and toll/interleukin receptor (TIR) motif-containing protein 1 (SARM1) plays a pivotal role in triggering the neurodegenerative processes that underlie peripheral neuropathies, traumatic brain injury, and neurodegenerative diseases. Importantly, SARM1 knock down or knock out prevents degeneration, thereby demonstrating that SARM1 is a promising therapeutic target. Recently, SARM1 was shown to promote neurodegeneration via its ability to hydrolyze NAD+, forming nicotinamide and ADP ribose (ADPR). Herein, we describe the initial kinetic characterization of full length SARM1, as well as the truncated constructs corresponding to the SAM1-2TIR and TIR domains, highlighting the distinct challenges that have complicated efforts to characterize this enzyme. Moreover, we show that bacterially expressed full length SARM1 (kcat/KM = 6000 M-1s-1) is at least as active as the TIR domain alone (kcat/KM = 1500 M-1s-1). Finally, we show that the SARM1 hydrolyzes NAD+ via an ordered uni-bi reaction in which nicotinamide is released prior to ADPR.
January 24, 2020
February 14, 2014