To present our preliminary experience of robotic left radical nephrectomy (LRN) and segmental inferior vena cava (IVC) resection without caval replacement for left renal cell carcinoma (RCC) with inferior vena cava tumor thrombus (IVCTT).
Between 2017 and 2018, seven patients underwent segmental IVC resection and LRN robotically. All patients underwent preoperative cavography, demonstrating complete IVC occlusion. Computed tomography-based three-dimensional reconstruction revealed sufficient collateralization of the IVC and right renal vein (RRV). The cephalic IVC was circumferentially resected and ligated just below the second porta hepatis. The caudal IVC was circumferentially resected above the RRV with preservation of the major collaterals. The RRV was not dissected during the procedure to avoid compromising its neocollaterals. The IVC portion between the RRV and the second porta hepatis was removed en bloc with the tumor thrombus, and the LRN was performed.
All cases were successfully performed by robotic surgery without conversion. Median operative time was 420 min. Median intensive care unit stay was 3 days. Four grade Ⅱ complications occurred in two patients. One patient had mild LEE postoperatively and recovered without special medication. Median preoperative and 3-6 mo follow-up serum creatinine was 118.7 μmol/L and 135.2 μmol/L, respectively. No patient needed dialysis postoperatively. One case occurred disease progression. No patient died during the follow-up period.
Robotic segmental IVC resection for left RCC with IVCTT is feasible in well-selected cases. Three-dimensional reconstruction and cavography are helpful in the preoperative evaluation of neocollaterals in patients with suprarenal IVC occlusion.

Copyright © 2020. Published by Elsevier Inc.

References

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