PloS one 2018 03 2313(3) e0193448 doi 10.1371/journal.pone.0193448
To investigate the usefulness of addition type liquid silicone rubber (ATLSR) as injectable implant after evisceration to maintain the eyeball volume in an animal experiment.
Twelve adult New Zealand white rabbits were included. One eye of each rabbit was randomly selected for evisceration with the fellow eye as control. ATLSR was injected to fill the eyeball socket after evisceration. In vivo observation and photographs were performed up to 24 weeks post-op. Two rabbits were sacrificed respectively at post-operative week 1, 2, 4, 8, 12 and 24. After enucleation, the vertical, horizontal and sagittal diameters of the experimental eyeballs were measured and compared with the control eyes. Histopathological studies were performed to evaluate signs of inflammation.
Cornea remained clear throughout the observation period despite mild epithelial edema and neovascularization. Compared to the control eyes, the experimental eyes were significantly smaller in vertical diameter (17.00±1.17 vs. 17.54±1.11 mm, P<0.001), but larger in sagittal diameter (16.85±1.48 vs. 16.40±1.38 mm, P = 0.008), and had no significant difference in horizontal diameter (17.49±1.53 vs. 17.64±1.21 mm, P = 0.34). Postoperative inflammation was observed at one week after surgery, which peaked at 2-3 weeks, then regressed gradually. At week 12 and week 24, most of the inflammatory cells disappeared with some residual plasma cells and eosinophils. CONCLUSION
Injectable addition type silicon rubber may be a good choice for ocular implantation after evisceration, maintaining eyeball volume and cosmetically satisfactory when compared to the fellow eye. Spontaneous regression of inflammation implied good biocompatibility for at least 24 weeks.