Global public health 2017 10 06() 1-12 doi 10.1080/17441692.2017.1385823
Scaling up of integrated tuberculosis (TB)-human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) services remains sub-optimal in many resource-limited countries, including Ghana, where the two conditions take a heavy toll on the financial resources of health systems as well as infected persons. Previous studies have documented several implementation challenges towards TB-HIV service integration, but views of patients on integrated service delivery have not received commensurate research attention. This paper explored the experiences of 40 TB-HIV co-infected patients at different stages of treatment in Ghana. Using Normalisation Process Theory as a framework, data were coded using inter-rater coding technique and analysed inductively and deductively with the help of QSR NVivo 10. For several participants, either of the diseases was diagnosed ‘accidentally’, leading to inconsistencies in co-therapy administration, constraints regarding separate clinic appointment dates for TB and HIV and prolonged TB treatment due to treatment failure. Put differently, there were widespread negative experiences among TB-HIV co-infected patients with regard to treatment and care, especially among patients who were accessing care in separate facilities or separate units in the same facility. Co-infected patients unanimously support full-service integration. However, they felt powerless to request for reforms on a mode of service delivery.