The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of the supervised pulmonary rehabilitation programs consisting of either an interval or continuous aerobic exercise program, with a home-based exercise program in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) who were overweight or obese.
In this randomized controlled study, 72 overweight and obese patients diagnosed as having COPD were randomly assigned to 3 groups. Group 1 received an interval-type (IT) aerobic exercise program, group 2 received a continuous-type (CT) aerobic exercise program (both groups performed home exercises as well) and group 3 was only given a home-based exercise (HE) program. For the evaluation of patients, anthropometric measures, cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPX), 6-min walk test (6MWT), modified-Borg dyspnea and leg fatigue scores, St George’s Respiratory Questionnaire, and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale were used.
Both IT and CT groups showed significant improvement on CPX parameters, 6MWT distances, mental health, and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) compared with the HE group in overweight and obese patients with COPD (P < .001). Moreover, the IT group demonstrated a significant decrease in the modified-Borg dyspnea and leg fatigue during the CPX compared with both CT and HE groups (P < .001). Furthermore, the Borg dyspnea and leg fatigue during training were lower in the IT group than in the CT group (P < .05).
An interval or continuous aerobic exercise program added onto a home-based exercise program improved exercise capacity and HRQoL, and reduced anxiety and depression levels in overweight and obese patients with COPD.