Scientific reports 2018 02 138(1) 2879 doi 10.1038/s41598-018-21149-8
Intimate partner violence (IPV) and HIV are highly prevalent worldwide among MSM. However, the association between IPV and HIV seroconversion is virtually unknown. This 12-month prospective cohort study was conducted among MSM in Shenyang, China to explore the causality between IPV and the incidence of HIV. Adjusted Hazard Ratios (aHRs) of HIV acquisition were derived from a multivariate time-dependent Cox model and applied to calculate population attributable fractions (PAFs). Among 476 HIV-negative MSM subjects, 89(18.7%) reported being victims of IPV in the past 3 months (P3M). IPV was significantly correlated with lower education, having more condomless anal intercourse (CAI) and being depressed (each P < 0.05). The incidence of HIV among IPV victims was 11.3/100 PY compared to 3.8/100 PY in non-IPV-victims. Furthermore, IPV victimization was independently associated with HIV seroconversion (aHR = 4.1, PAF = 37.9%). Other predictors for seroconversion included non-local residence in Liaoning province (aHR = 3.9, PAF = 45.2%), engaging in condomless receptive anal intercourse (CRAI)(aHR = 3.1, PAF = 24.2%) or CAI with casual male partners (aHR = 3.8, PAF = 26.3%) in the P3M and syphilis infection (aHR = 4.7, PAF = 33.7%) (each P < 0.05). IPV increased the HIV seroconversion risk of MSM, with a high PAF. HIV prevention programs should integrate IPV screening and intervention, and MSM affected by IPV need to be preferentially enrolled in pre-exposure prophylaxis.