Intra-operative fluorescein video angiography (FL-VA) has been given increasing attention recently and several studies reported its high utility in neurovascular surgery. The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety of FL-VA in a prospective, single-center cohort of patients operated due to cerebral aneurysms.
This is an observational cohort study including 150 patients operated due to intracranial aneurysms. The study group consisted of 70 consecutive patients operated with the use of fluorescein video angiography. Post-operative acute kidney injury (AKI) occurrence as well as systemic adverse reactions were reported and further compared with 80 matched controls where FL-VA was not used. Statistical analysis was performed using non-parametric tests (Fisher’s exact test).
Post-operative AKI was observed in 17,1% of patients in the study group with only half presenting with acute functional impairment. All of these patients presented initially due to aneurysm rupture. Pre-existing renal dysfunction and hypertension occurred in 16,7% and 33,3%, respectively. No systemic complications following FL-VA were reported. When compared to matched controls, no statistically significant difference regarding AKI occurrence was observed between these two patient populations.
Intra-operative fluorescein video angiography proved to have a good safety profile in our cohort. The results of this study suggest that post-operative acute kidney injury observed in patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage is not related to fluorescein use.

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