Archives of orthopaedic and trauma surgery 2017 02 17() doi 10.1007/s00402-017-2651-9
The purpose of this study was to compare the cemented bipolar hemiarthroplasty with uncemented about the change of intraoperative blood pressure and the incidence of major complications in elderly patients with femoral neck fracture.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
This multiple center prospective cohort study included only patients with acute displaced femoral neck fracture (Garden stage III or IV). All patients were treated with cemented or uncemented bipolar hemiarthroplasty using modified Hardinge or Watson-Jones approach in the lateral decubitus position. Baseline data, medical history, type of anesthesia, FiO2 value, the number of vasopressor using during operation, femoral component, intraoperative blood pressure, SaO2, and major complications were evaluated.
Of 164 patients (45 males and 119 females), 86 underwent cemented and 78 underwent uncemented bipolar hemiarthroplasty. Baseline medical histories were similar in both groups. In both the cemented and uncemented groups, intraoperative systolic blood pressure significantly decreased during cementing or rasping (106.3 and 103.6 mmHg) and after femoral component insertion (103.3 and 99.1 mmHg) compared to before rasping (120.7 and 116.4 mmHg) (p < 0.0001, respectively). Donaldson's grade seemed more favorable in uncemented group than in cemented group during cementing or rasping, during stem insertion; however, no patients experienced the lethal complication in both groups. CONCLUSIONS
Intraoperative blood pressure did not change during cemented and uncemented bipolar hemiarthrplasty for displaced femoral neck fracture. If the standard modern cement technique was performed during operation, bone cement is a safe and acceptable for elderly patients who have a lot of medical histories.