Intravitreal Conbercept Injection as an Adjuvant in Vitrectomy with Silicone Oil Infusion for Severe Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy.
To assess the clinical effects of preoperative, intraoperative, or preoperative combined with intraoperative intravitreal conbercept (IVC) injection in vitrectomy with silicone oil tamponade for severe proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR). Ninety-eight eyes of 98 severe PDR patients undergoing vitrectomy with silicone oil tamponade were randomly assigned to 3 groups: Group 1 (34 eyes) received IVC injections 3 to 5 days before surgery; Group 2 (35 eyes) received IVC injections at the end of surgery; and Group 3 (29 eyes) received IVC injections 3 to 5 days before and at the end of operation. Follow-up examinations were performed for 6 months. The incidence and severity of intraoperative bleeding were not significantly different ( = 0.233). However, the duration of surgery was significantly shorter in Group 1 and Group 3 compared with Group 2 ( < 0.001). The incidences of early and late recurrent vitreous hemorrhage (VH) were 32.35%, 28.57%, and 13.80%, respectively. At 6-month follow-up, mean best-corrected visual acuity had significantly increased to 1.25 ± 0.45 logMAR in Group 1, 1.29 ± 0.46 logMAR in Group 2, 1.16 ± 0.44 logMAR in Group 3 (all < 0.001). The incidence of postoperative VH, neovascular glaucoma, and retinal detachment in Group 3 was slightly lower, however, no significant differences were observed (all > 0.05). In young patients, similar results were observed and Group 3 had better visual improvements ( = 0.037). Preoperative IVC injection could be a safe and effective adjunct in pars plana vitrectomy with silicone oil tamponade for severe PDR. Preoperative combined with intraoperative IVC are promising, especially in young patients.