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Involvement of voltage-dependent anion channel (VDAC) in dengue infection.

Involvement of voltage-dependent anion channel (VDAC) in dengue infection.
Author Information (click to view)

Jitobaom K, Tongluan N, Smith DR,


Jitobaom K, Tongluan N, Smith DR, (click to view)

Jitobaom K, Tongluan N, Smith DR,

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Scientific reports 2016 Oct 256() 35753 doi 10.1038/srep35753
Abstract

During infection, dengue virus (DENV) proteins interact with host cellular constituents promoting the remodeling of the cell to facilitate virus production. While a number of interacting proteins have been identified for DENV non-structural proteins, far fewer interacting partners have been identified for the DENV structural proteins. One protein that has been identified as a DENV E protein interacting protein is the cellular chaperone GRP78. GRP78 has been shown to have a number of cellular interacting partners including the voltage-dependent anion channel (VDAC). In this study we confirmed the interactions between GRP78 and DENV E protein and between GRP78 and VDAC. VDAC was shown to be re-localized during DENV infection, with no change in levels of protein expression. VDAC is predominantly located on the outer membrane of mitochondria and our result is consistent with movement of the mitochondria towards the ER during DENV infection. Down regulation of VDAC through siRNA significantly reduced DENV protein expression, as well as the percentage infection and output virus titer. Our results suggest that VDAC plays an important role in DENV infection.

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