We retrospectively analyzed data of 1,278 consecutive patients who underwent RC for UCB at our tertiary referral center between 2004 and 2019. A total of 408 patients were aged 75-97 years at the time of RC and were further divided into 2 groups: 75-84 years of age (group 1) and ≥85 years of age (group 2). Median follow-up was 23 months. Outcome was analyzed using the χ2 test, Mann-Whitney U test, Kaplan-Meier method, and log-rank test.
Perioperative Clavien-Dindo grade ≥III complications were seen in 25.1% (92/366) of group 1 patients and 35.7% (15/42) of group 2 patients (p = 0.073). Thirty- and 90-day mortality was 3.3 and 8.7% in group 1 and 4.8 and 14.3% in group 2 (p = 0.617 and p = 0.242, respectively). Three-year overall survival was 54.6% in group 1 and 31.3% in group 2 (p = 0.03). Three-year cancer-specific survival was 64.8% in group 1 and 38.8% in group 2 (p = 0.037). Recurrence-free survival was 105 months in group 1 and 12 months in group 2 (p = 0.039).
In light of increasing life expectancy in western nations, we sought to evaluate the impact of age in a large series of elderly patients undergoing RC for UCB. We found that RC offers acceptable perioperative complication rates in the oldest-old patient cohort (≥85 years). Therefore, RC for UCB can be offered as a viable treatment option even in the oldest patients.
© 2020 S. Karger AG, Basel.