Archives of orthopaedic and trauma surgery 2017 04 21() doi 10.1007/s00402-017-2694-y
A hypertrophic AIIS has been identified as a cause for extraarticular hip impingement and is classified according to Hetsroni using 3D-CT reconstructions. The role of the conventional AP pelvis X-ray, which is the first standard imaging step for the evaluation of hip pain, has not been investigated yet.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
AP pelvis X-rays and 3D-CT reconstructions of patients were evaluated regarding their morphology of the AIIS. The conventional X-rays were categorized into three groups according to the projection of the AIIS: above (A) or below (B) the acetabular sourcil or even exceeding the anterior acetabular rim (C). They were compared to the morphologic types in the 3D-CT reconstruction (Hetsroni type I-III).
Ninety patients with an equal distribution of type A, B or C projection in the AP pelvis were evaluated and compared to the morphology in the 3D-CT reconstruction. The projection of the AIIS below the acetabular sourcil (B + C) showed only moderate sensitivity (0.76) and specificity (0.64) for a hypertrophic AIIS (Hetsroni type II + III), but if the AIIS exceeds the anterior rim, all cases showed a hypertrophic AIIS in the 3D-CT reconstructions (Hetsroni type II + III).
Distinct differentiation of the AIIS morphology in the AP pelvis is not possible, but the projection of the AIIS below the anterior acetabular rim represented a hypertrophic AIIS in all cases and should, therefore, be critically investigated for a relevant AIIS impingement.