The connection between peripheral insulin resistance (IR) and coronary artery disease is well-established. Both are major risk factors for the development of ischemic cardiomyopathy potentially leading to heart failure (HF). Whether cardiac IR also impacts overall survival and morbidity is still debated. We therefore aimed to test if cardiac IR predicts mortality and major cardiovascular events (MACE) in patients with HF scheduled for cardiac viability testing before revascularization.
This retrospective study included 131 patients with a clinical diagnosis of ischemic HF (114 (87%) male, 33 (25%) with diabetes) referred to a viability Rubidium-82 (perfusion) and dynamic F-Fluorodeoxyglucose (metabolism) positron emission tomography combined with computed tomography prior to a potential revascularization procedure. Cardiac IR was assessed by myocardial glucose uptake (MGU) in a remote (non-scarred) area of the left ventricle during a hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp (1mIE/kg/min).
MGU correlated with skeletal muscle glucose uptake (p < 0.001) and whole-body glucose uptake (M-value) (p < 0.001), whereas no association was observed for individuals with diabetes. MGU did not predict the risk of death or MACE. However, both overt diabetes and reduced coronary flow reserve predicted overall survival.
Even though diabetes and related small-vessel disease is associated with increased mortality, cardiac IR per se does not predict cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Abbrevations.

Copyright © 2021. Published by Elsevier Inc.