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Isolated right ventricular thrombus in an adult patient with nephrotic syndrome: a case report.

Isolated right ventricular thrombus in an adult patient with nephrotic syndrome: a case report.
Author Information (click to view)

Lempp S, Schwenger V,


Lempp S, Schwenger V, (click to view)

Lempp S, Schwenger V,

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Journal of medical case reports 2017 11 0411(1) 311 doi 10.1186/s13256-017-1491-0
Abstract
BACKGROUND
Venous thrombosis in nephrotic syndrome is a well-described phenomenon. We report a case of an adult patient with an isolated thrombus in the right ventricle due to nephrotic syndrome, which was initially suspected to be a myxoma.

CASE PRESENTATION
A 28-year-old white woman presented to our emergency department with signs of fluid overload. On further evaluation, a right ventricular mass was detected, which was resected and was found to be a thrombus. No other manifestations of venous thrombosis were found. Further evaluation of the patient revealed a nephrotic syndrome, which caused augmented coagulopathy.

CONCLUSIONS
We present a case of a patient in whom a right ventricular mass was the first sign of a renally derived coagulopathy. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of an isolated thrombus in the right ventricle due to nephrotic syndrome in an adult. In cases of isolated cardiac thrombi in adults, a further search for renal disease might be helpful to reveal the underlying cause.

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