Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Radiology for January 2017. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.
MRI May Help ID Suicide Risk in Young Bipolar Patients
TUESDAY, Jan. 31, 2017 (HealthDay News) — Among adolescents and young adults with bipolar disorder, those who attempt suicide show reduced volume and activity in areas of the brain that regulate emotion and impulses, according to a study published online Jan. 31 in the American Journal of Psychiatry.
Many VHA Patients Eligible for Lung Cancer Screening
TUESDAY, Jan. 31, 2017 (HealthDay News) — Many Veterans Health Administration (VHA) patients are eligible for lung cancer screening (LCS) with low-dose computed tomography (CT), and the use of LCS is increasing slowly among eligible patients, according to two studies published online Jan. 30 in JAMA Internal Medicine.
Anxiety, Depression May Up Mortality Risk for Some Cancers
THURSDAY, Jan. 26, 2017 (HealthDay News) — Anxiety and depression may increase the risk of death from certain cancers, according to research published online Jan. 25 in The BMJ.
Most PCPs Oppose Complete Repeal of the Affordable Care Act
THURSDAY, Jan. 26, 2017 (HealthDay News) — A majority of primary care doctors oppose full repeal of the Affordable Care Act, according to a perspective piece published online Jan. 25 in the New England Journal of Medicine.
Teleradiology Aids in Assessment of Thoracolumbar Spine Fractures
WEDNESDAY, Jan. 25, 2017 (HealthDay News) — Video clips of computed tomography (CT) scans can be captured by smartphone and transmitted to surgeons’ personal smartphones for reliable diagnosis, classification, and proposed treatment of thoracolumbar spine fractures, according to a study published in the February issue of The Spine Journal.
Chemo May Be Overused in Younger Patients With Colon CA
WEDNESDAY, Jan. 25, 2017 (HealthDay News) — Young and middle-aged colon cancer patients may be getting chemotherapy more often than is warranted, according to a study published online Jan. 25 in JAMA Surgery.
Overall Cancer Mortality Rate Down in the United States
WEDNESDAY, Jan. 25, 2017 (HealthDay News) — While cancer mortality rates have dropped 20 percent overall in the United States since 1980, high mortality rates persist in pockets throughout the country, according to a report published in the Jan. 24/31 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.
Many Advanced NSCLC Patients Not Getting Helpful Treatment
MONDAY, Jan. 23, 2017 (HealthDay News) — Many U.S. patients with late-stage non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) do not receive treatments that could prolong their lives, according to a study published online Jan. 18 in the Journal of Thoracic Oncology.
Multi-Parametric MRI Shows Benefit As Triage Test
MONDAY, Jan. 23, 2017 (HealthDay News) — For men with high serum prostate-specific antigen, multi-parametric magnetic resonance imaging (MP-MRI) is more sensitive but less specific than transrectal ultrasound guided prostate biopsy (TRUS-biopsy) for detecting clinically significant cancer, and can be used as a triage test to avoid unnecessary biopsy, according to a study published online Jan. 19 in The Lancet.
Intervention Reduces Fear of Recurrence in Breast CA Survivors
MONDAY, Jan. 23, 2017 (HealthDay News) — For breast cancer survivors, the Attention and Interpretation Modification for Fear of Breast Cancer Recurrence (AIM-FBCR) intervention shows promise for reducing fear of cancer recurrence (FCR), according to a study published online Jan. 5 in Cancer.
Obesity Underrepresented in Medical Licensing Exams
FRIDAY, Jan. 20, 2017 (HealthDay News) — The most important concepts of obesity prevention and treatment are not adequately represented on the U.S. Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) Step examinations, according to a study published recently in Teaching and Learning in Medicine.
Overall Survival Poor in Unresected Anaplastic Thyroid CA
FRIDAY, Jan. 20, 2017 (HealthDay News) — For patients with unresected anaplastic thyroid carcinoma (ATC), overall survival (OS) is poor, but radiation therapy (RT) dose is associated with improved survival, according to a study published online Dec. 27 in Cancer.
MRI Helpful in Identifying White Matter Injury in Preemies
THURSDAY, Jan. 19, 2017 (HealthDay News) — Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) shortly after birth might help determine which premature babies have sustained a brain injury that will affect their development, according to a study published online Jan. 18 in Neurology.
Recommendations Developed for Small Renal Mass Management
WEDNESDAY, Jan. 18, 2017 (HealthDay News) — In a clinical practice guideline published online Jan. 16 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, recommendations are presented for the management of patients with small renal masses (SRMs).
Physician Excess Charges Create Financial Burden for Patients
TUESDAY, Jan. 17, 2017 (HealthDay News) — Many doctors bill their private-paying patients two, three, even six times more than what Medicare pays for the same services, according to a research letter published in the Jan. 17 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.
Video Intervention Persuasive for Screening Recommendations
MONDAY, Jan. 16, 2017 (HealthDay News) — A novel video intervention can alter the screening intentions of a target audience, in line with evidence-based recommendations, according to a study published in the January/February issue of the Annals of Family Medicine.
Addition of Cetuximab to CRT Cuts Locoregional Failure in Anal CA
MONDAY, Jan. 16, 2017 (HealthDay News) — Addition of cetuximab to chemoradiation (CRT) is associated with a reduction in locoregional failure (LRF) rates in squamous cell carcinoma of the anal canal (SCCAC), according to a study published online Jan. 9 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.
fMRI May Be Better Way to Map Brain Prior to Epilepsy Surgery
THURSDAY, Jan. 12, 2017 (HealthDay News) — Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) might help doctors protect critical areas of the brain before surgery to treat epilepsy, according to new guidelines published online Jan. 11 in Neurology.
Excessive FDA Regulation Driving High Drug Prices
WEDNESDAY, Jan. 11, 2017 (HealthDay News) — The excessive regulatory regime at the U.S. Food and Drug Administration is an important driver of high drug prices, and should be curbed to introduce more competition and lower prices, according to a report published online Jan. 5 by the National Center for Policy Analysis.
Mammography Found to Result in Substantial Overdiagnosis
TUESDAY, Jan. 10, 2017 (HealthDay News) — Mammograms frequently detect small breast tumors that might never become life-threatening, causing women to receive treatment they likely don’t need, according to a new study published online Jan. 10 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.
Improved Breast Cancer Screening Rates With ACA
MONDAY, Jan. 9, 2017 (HealthDay News) — Americans with lower levels of income are less likely to get recommended cancer screenings, but legislation waiving out-of-pocket costs appears to narrow the prevention gap — for mammograms, at least, according to a study published online Jan. 9 in Cancer.
Perceived Breast Density May Affect Single Read Suitability
MONDAY, Jan. 9, 2017 (HealthDay News) — Features related to mammographic breast density are key normal mammographic features that influence the difficulty for readers to classify mammograms as normal, according to a study published online Jan. 3 in the Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology.
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