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July 2017 Briefing – Radiology

July 2017 Briefing – Radiology
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Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Radiology for July 2017. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Single BMD, Fracture History Predict Long-Term Fracture Risk

MONDAY, July 31, 2017 (HealthDay News) — For older women, a single bone mineral density (BMD) measure and fracture history can predict long-term fracture risk, according to a study published online July 18 in the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research.

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CRC Screen Up for Older Patients, Those Not in Labor Force

FRIDAY, July 28, 2017 (HealthDay News) — Factors associated with colorectal cancer (CRC) screening rates at U.S. community health centers include age and insurance status, but not patient-provider communication, according to a study published online July 14 in Cancer.

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Variation in Management for Infants With GERD

FRIDAY, July 28, 2017 (HealthDay News) — For infants with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), there is considerable variation in diagnostic testing and surgical utilization, according to a study published online July 28 in Pediatrics.

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2016 Saw Increase in Number of Physicians Since 2010 Census

THURSDAY, July 27, 2017 (HealthDay News) — Census reports have demonstrated an increase in the number of physicians and in the actively licensed U.S. physician-to-population ratio from 2010 to 2016, according to a study published in the Journal of Medical Regulation.

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Financial Incentives Found to Up Colonoscopy Participation

WEDNESDAY, July 26, 2017 (HealthDay News) — In a study published recently in Gastroenterology, a cash incentive of $100 was tied to increased colorectal screening rates in eligible adults.

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Many With Cancer Hospitalized, Undergo Imaging at End of Life

WEDNESDAY, July 26, 2017 (HealthDay News) — About half of cancer patients are hospitalized and undergo at least one imaging scan at the end of life, according to a study published online July 24 in the Journal of Oncology Practice.

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Left Ventricular Mass Index Predicts All-Cause Mortality

WEDNESDAY, July 26, 2017 (HealthDay News) — Left ventricular (LV) mass index independently predicts all-cause mortality and the need for revascularization in patients undergoing invasive coronary angiography, according to a study published online July 19 in JACC: Cardiovascular Imaging.

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Stress Echo Value Questioned for Asymptomatic Aortic Stenosis

TUESDAY, July 25, 2017 (HealthDay News) — For patients with asymptomatic aortic stenosis (AS), neither increase in mean pressure gradient (MPG) nor systolic pulmonary artery pressure (SPAP) predicts outcome, according to a study published online July 19 in JACC: Cardiovascular Imaging.

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Vascular Targeted Photodynamic Tx Aids Low-Risk Prostate Cancer

TUESDAY, July 25, 2017 (HealthDay News) — For men with low-risk prostate cancer, vascular targeted photodynamic therapy achieves an 82 percent rate of absent clinically significant cancer in treated lobes, according to a study published in the August issue of The Journal of Urology.

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Average Increase in Physician Compensation 2.9% in 2016

MONDAY, July 24, 2017 (HealthDay News) — The AMGA 2017 Medical Group Compensation and Productivity Survey reports that 77 percent of physician specialties experienced increases in compensation in 2016, with an overall weighted average increase of 2.9 percent.

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CCTA Accurate for Assessing Angiographic Outcomes After BVS

MONDAY, July 24, 2017 (HealthDay News) — Coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) is accurate for assessing angiographic outcomes after bioresorbable vascular scaffold (BVS) implantation, according to a study published online July 19 in JACC: Cardiovascular Imaging.

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MYCN Copy Number Tied to Poor Features in Neuroblastoma

MONDAY, July 24, 2017 (HealthDay News) — The rate of unfavorable features is increased in association with increasing MYCN copy number in patients with neuroblastoma, according to a study published online July 11 in Cancer.

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Prevalence of Vertebral Fracture Varies With Assessment Method

MONDAY, July 24, 2017 (HealthDay News) — The prevalence of vertebral fracture varies for different methods of radiological assessment, according to a study published online July 18 in the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research.

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fMRI, EEG May Detect Consciousness in TBI Patients

FRIDAY, July 21, 2017 (HealthDay News) — Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and electroencephalography (EEG) may be able to detect consciousness in patients with severe traumatic brain injury who appear unconscious in the intensive care unit (ICU), according to a study published online July 20 in Brain.

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FDA Approves First Neonatal MRI Device

FRIDAY, July 21, 2017 (HealthDay News) — The first magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) device designed specifically for neonatal brain and head imaging in intensive care units has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

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Educational Intervention Doesn’t Up Hand, Stethoscope Hygiene

FRIDAY, July 21, 2017 (HealthDay News) — An intervention including education is not associated with an increased rate of hand hygiene or stethoscope hygiene, according to a study published in the July 1 issue of the American Journal of Infection Control.

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NCI-Designated Care Often Excluded in Narrow Health Plans

THURSDAY, July 20, 2017 (HealthDay News) — Narrow network health plans are less likely to cover treatment by doctors at centers affiliated with the U.S. National Cancer Institute, according to a study published online July 5 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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More Patients Enrolled in Cancer Trials Under ACA

THURSDAY, July 20, 2017 (HealthDay News) — The Affordable Care Act may have enabled more privately insured patients to enroll in clinical trials for cancer treatments, according to a study published online July 20 in Clinical Cancer Research.

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68Ga-Somatostatin Analog PET-CT Linked to Reduced Costs

THURSDAY, July 20, 2017 (HealthDay News) — For imaging neuroendocrine tumors, 68Ga-somatostatin analog positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET-CT) is associated with reduced costs compared with 111In-octreotide scintigraphy, according to a study published online July 17 in the Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology.

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‘Life’s Simple 7’ Adherence in 20s Tied to Better Brain Health Later

THURSDAY, July 20, 2017 (HealthDay News) — People with heart-healthy habits in their 20s tend to have larger, healthier brains in their 40s, according to a study published online July 19 in Neurology.

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ASCO Addresses Cancer Drug Pricing

THURSDAY, July 20, 2017 (HealthDay News) — Noting that new cancer drugs routinely cost more than $100,000 per year, and prices on many existing treatments continue to rise, the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) has issued a position statement to address these financial concerns.

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Position Statement

Distress Screening Tied to Fewer ER Visits for Cancer Patients

WEDNESDAY, July 19, 2017 (HealthDay News) — Adherence to distress screening protocols by cancer programs is associated with lower rates of medical service utilization, according to a study published in the July issue of the Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network.

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Guidelines Updated for Diagnosis, Management of NAFLD

TUESDAY, July 18, 2017 (HealthDay News) — A practice guidance statement, published online July 17 in Hepatology, has been developed to augment the clinical practice guidelines for the diagnosis and management of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD).

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Better Prognosis With Surgery for HPV-Linked Oropharyngeal SCC

TUESDAY, July 18, 2017 (HealthDay News) — Patients with human papillomavirus (HPV)-associated oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) have higher five-year overall survival (OS) and disease-specific survival (DSS) rates after surgery alone, according to a study published online July 10 in Head & Neck.

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Empowerment Linked to HRQoL in Teen, Young Adult CA Survivors

MONDAY, July 17, 2017 (HealthDay News) — For adolescent and young adult (AYA) cancer survivors, empowerment is independently associated with health-related quality of life (HRQoL), according to research published online July 11 in Cancer.

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Wait-and-Scan Strategy Feasible for Head, Neck Paraganglioma

MONDAY, July 17, 2017 (HealthDay News) — A wait-and-scan strategy seems to be feasible for patients with head and neck paraganglioma (PGL), according to a study published online July 10 in Head & Neck.

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Early Career Burnout Can Be Contagious Via Social Networks

FRIDAY, July 14, 2017 (HealthDay News) — For early career teachers (ECTs), social network members’ burnout levels are associated with increased burnout levels, according to a study published in the August issue of Teaching and Teacher Education.

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Study Supports Observation Only for Most Low-Risk Prostate CA

THURSDAY, July 13, 2017 (HealthDay News) — Men with early-stage prostate cancer who have surgery to remove their tumor do not live longer than those who receive no treatment at all, according a study published in the July 13 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Chest CT Is Increasingly Being Used in COPD Assessment

WEDNESDAY, July 12, 2017 (HealthDay News) — Chest computed tomography (CT) is increasingly being used, and can provide additional insight, in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), according to research published online June 29 in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

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Medicaid Enrollees Are Satisfied With Their Health Care

WEDNESDAY, July 12, 2017 (HealthDay News) — Medicaid enrollees are largely satisfied with their health care, and most are able to access the care they need when they need it, according to a research letter published online July 10 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Visual System Changes Could Indicate Parkinson’s Disease

TUESDAY, July 11, 2017 (HealthDay News) — Changes in vision may be an early sign of Parkinson’s disease, according to research published online July 11 in Radiology.

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Screening Up When Insurance Covers CT Colonography

TUESDAY, July 11, 2017 (HealthDay News) — Patients with insurance that covers computed tomographic (CT) colonography are nearly 50 percent more likely to get screened for colorectal cancer, according to a study published online July 11 in Radiology.

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Health Service Use Unchanged From 1996-1997 to 2011-2012

TUESDAY, July 11, 2017 (HealthDay News) — Utilization of health services was largely unchanged from 1996-1997 to 2011-2012, but expenditures increased, according to a study published in the July/August issue of the Annals of Family Medicine.

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American Adults Without Health Insurance Rises by Two Million

TUESDAY, July 11, 2017 (HealthDay News) — The number of American adults without health insurance has increased by about two million so far this year, according to a new Gallup-Sharecare Well-Being Index poll.

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Decisional Regret Doesn’t Differ by Treatment in Prostate Cancer

TUESDAY, July 11, 2017 (HealthDay News) — For patients newly diagnosed with prostate cancer who attend a multidisciplinary clinic, decisional regret does not differ significantly between treatment groups, according to a study published online July 5 in Cancer.

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Patients Are Often Recording Doctor’s Visits

TUESDAY, July 11, 2017 (HealthDay News) — Patients may be recording office visits, with or without permission, according to an opinion piece published online July 10 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Coronary CT Angiography Ups Prediction of MACE in T2DM

MONDAY, July 10, 2017 (HealthDay News) — For asymptomatic patients with type 2 diabetes, the addition of coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA)-detected obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD) improves prediction of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE), according to a study published online June 29 in Diabetes Care.

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Patient Involvement Can Cut Errors in X-Ray Imaging

FRIDAY, July 7, 2017 (HealthDay News) — A patient involvement system can reduce errors in X-ray imaging, according to a study published online July 5 in the Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice.

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Market Competition Linked to Change in Generic Drug Prices

THURSDAY, July 6, 2017 (HealthDay News) — Market competition levels are associated with changes in the price of generic drugs, according to a study published online July 4 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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AMA: Doctors Should Make Sure Their Online Info Is Accurate

THURSDAY, July 6, 2017 (HealthDay News) — In a technologically advanced society, physicians need to take advantage of the internet to reach patients and exercise caution in their online presence, according to a report published by the American Medical Association.

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