Health disparity in minority populations has been increasingly recognized over the last decade. The COVID-19 pandemic sheds a bright light on this very issue impressing upon the need for more research regarding healthcare in disparate populations. Although kidney transplantation remains the treatment of choice for end-stage renal disease management and longevity of life, access to transplantation remains a critical barrier in minority populations. The literature on disparity in access abounds but remains limited with regards to posttransplantation outcomes. The purpose of this review is to draw attention to existing research and literature in posttransplant outcomes and highlight the overall knowledge gap that persists in postkidney transplant care among disparate populations.
The current review focuses on important paradigm shifts in the determinants of outcomes in posttransplantation care in minority populations. It emphasizes a departure from immune mediated causes to more salient health inequities and socioeconomic factors contributing to patient and graft survival which require further investigation.
Despite increased awareness of health disparity in minority populations, outcomes data postkidney transplantation remains sparse. Critical to the future of kidney transplantation and improved healthcare coordination in minority populations will be a deeper understanding of contributing socio-economic variables in disparate outcomes.

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