Frailty as a syndrome of physical decline in late life is associated with adverse health outcomes. Knee osteoarthritis (KOA) could contribute to frailty conditions. The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of KOA on frailty risk in a Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) cohort. In this study (N, total = 11,910, age; 64.10 years old [63.94-64.27; mean 95% CI], sex (female, %); 6,752 (56.69)), KOA patients were defined as those with knee joint pain and grade 2 Kellgren-Lawrence (K-L) or more on plain radiographic images who were 40 years old or older in Korean population data of KNHANES. The frailty index was calculated using 46 items related to co-morbidities and laboratory parameters. The impact of KOA on frailty risk was evaluated with logistic regression analyses. The prevalence of KOA patients was 35.6% [95% CI 34.7-36.46]. In polytomous logistic regression, the relative risk ratio (RRR) of KOA was significantly increased in the pre-frail group (2.76, 95% CI 2.30-3.31) and the frail group (7.28, 95% CI 5.90-8.98). RRR of frailty was significantly increased in patients with K-L grade 3 (1.36, 95% CI 1.13-1.63) and K-L grade 4 (2.19, 95% CI 1.72-2.79). Older age, higher BMI, smoking status, alcohol intake, low-income status, higher WBC count, higher platelet count, higher serum creatinine level and low estimated GFR were significantly associated with increased frailty risk. High hemoglobin and regular walking habits were associated with decreased frailty risk in KOA patients. In this large observation population- based survey cohort, KOA is linked to an increased risk of frailty syndrome. We found a significant connection between KOA and frailty syndrome. These results show that we need to think about the overall health of people with KOA and give them special care to prevent frailty syndrome.© 2023. The Author(s).