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Knowledge and awareness of ocular allergy among undergraduate students of public universities in Ghana.

Knowledge and awareness of ocular allergy among undergraduate students of public universities in Ghana.
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Kyei S, Tettey B, Asiedu K, Awuah A,


Kyei S, Tettey B, Asiedu K, Awuah A, (click to view)

Kyei S, Tettey B, Asiedu K, Awuah A,

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BMC ophthalmology 2016 Oct 2816(1) 190
Abstract
BACKGROUND
Ocular allergy is a growing public health problem that greatly impacts the day-to-day life of sufferers and their families. Other aspects of their activities of daily living such as schooling, professional, and social life are affected hence an increased awareness and knowledge of ocular allergies, their detection and treatment is paramount. This study was to assess the level of knowledge and awareness of ocular allergy among undergraduate students of public universities in Ghana.

METHODS
A descriptive cross sectional survey was conducted among 1000 students from three selected public universities in Ghana. Each respondent completed a questionnaire that had questions concerning awareness and knowledge of ocular allergy.

RESULTS
Out of the 1000 students, 347 (34.7 %) were aware of ocular allergy. Of these 347 students, the level of knowledge of ocular allergy was generally low. Majority of the students had their source of information about ocular allergy from the media and the internet. There was statistical significant association among awareness of ocular allergy, sources of information and programme of study (p < 0.001). CONCLUSION
Level of awareness among university students is generally low. Students’ programmes of study influenced their knowledge of ocular allergy. Public health measures are recommended to help educate students on the prevention and control of ocular allergy as well as the complications associated with this condition.

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