Anemia in pregnancy is a significant problem in both developed and developing countries. There are some implemented approaches in Ghana, including education and awareness creation, nutritional supplements, and control and prevention of parasitic diseases to prevent and control anemia in pregnancy. This study assessed pregnant women’s adherence to Ghana’s anemia prevention strategies in the Juaboso District. 

A descriptive cross-sectional data on knowledge of and adherence to anemia prevention strategies among pregnant women was collected. Pearson’s chi-square and logistic regression models were used to assess associations between predictor and outcome variables. There were significant associations between knowledge of anemia and where the pregnant woman resides in the district, women’s educational and occupational status. Again, there were significant associations between adherence to anemia prevention strategies and the woman’s ethnicity and knowledge of anemia. 

Pregnant women’s knowledge of anemia and adherence to anemia prevention strategies are not encouraging. However, anemia in pregnancy and its consequences could be devastating to all stakeholders if actions are not taken to reduce the phenomenon. Therefore, we recommend that more education and sensitization programs, including acceptable nutritional practices in pregnant women’s diet, be promoted to increase awareness and adherence to anemia prevention strategies among pregnant women in the Juaboso District.