Previous studies of dupilumab for the treatment of moderate-to-severe atopic dermatitis in adults and adolescents, and severe atopic dermatitis in children aged 6 to < 12 years demonstrate no clinically important changes in laboratory parameters. The objective of this study was to assess laboratory outcomes in children aged 6 months to < 6 years with moderate-to-severe atopic dermatitis treated with dupilumab.
In this randomized, placebo-controlled, phase III trial of dupilumab, 161 children aged 6 months to < 6 years with moderate-to-severe atopic dermatitis were enrolled from 31 sites in Europe and North America and randomized 1:1 to receive subcutaneous placebo or dupilumab (5 kg to < 15 kg: 200 mg; 15 kg to < 30 kg: 300 mg) every 4 weeks plus topical corticosteroids for 16 weeks. Hematology, serum chemistry, and urinalysis assessments were analyzed on blood and urine samples collected at screening and weeks 4 and 16; descriptive statistics are provided.
No clinically meaningful changes in laboratory parameters were observed. While two cases of eosinophilia and one case each of neutropenia and leukocytosis were reported as treatment-emergent adverse events in the dupilumab plus topical corticosteroids group, these events were not associated with clinical symptoms and did not lead to treatment discontinuation or study withdrawal.
These results suggest that routine laboratory monitoring of children aged 6 months to < 6 years treated with dupilumab plus topical corticosteroids is not required. Limitations of this study include short study duration, and exclusion of patients with abnormalities in laboratory test results at screening. NCT03346434, part B.

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