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Lack of evidence supporting a role of TMC4-rs641738 missense variant-MBOAT7- intergenic downstream variant-in the Susceptibility to Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease.

Lack of evidence supporting a role of TMC4-rs641738 missense variant-MBOAT7- intergenic downstream variant-in the Susceptibility to Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease.
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Sookoian S, Flichman D, Garaycoechea ME, Gazzi C, Martino JS, Castaño GO, Pirola CJ,


Sookoian S, Flichman D, Garaycoechea ME, Gazzi C, Martino JS, Castaño GO, Pirola CJ, (click to view)

Sookoian S, Flichman D, Garaycoechea ME, Gazzi C, Martino JS, Castaño GO, Pirola CJ,

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Scientific reports 2018 03 238(1) 5097 doi 10.1038/s41598-018-23453-9
Abstract

Current knowledge on the genetic basis of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) suggests that variants contributing not only to the disease predisposition but histological severity as well are located in genes that regulate lipid metabolism. We explored the role of rs641738 C/T located in TMC4 (transmembrane channel-like 4) exon 1 (p.Gly17Glu) and 500 bases- downstream of MBOAT7 gene (TMC4/MBOAT7), in the genetic risk for developing NAFLD in a case-control study. Our sample included 634 individuals (372 patients with NAFLD diagnosed by liver biopsy and 262 control subjects); genotyping was performed by a Taqman assay. Genotype frequencies in controls (CC: 84, CT: 137, TT: 41) and patients (CC: 134, CT: 178, TT: 60) were in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium; minor allele frequency 40.8%. Our sample had 84-99% power if an additive genetic model is assumed for estimated odds ratios of 1.3-1.5, respectively. We found no evidence of association between rs641738 and either NAFLD (Cochran-Armitage test for trend, p = 0.529) or the disease severity (p = 0.61). Low levels of MBOAT7 protein expression were found in the liver of patients with NAFLD, which were unrelated to the rs641738 genotypes. In conclusion, the role of rs641738 in the pathogenesis of NAFLD is inconclusive.

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