Bites evoked by Brown spiders (Loxosceles genus) are associated with skin injuries (cutaneous rash, itching, swelling, erythema and dermonecrosis) and systemic manifestations. Transcriptome analyses of Loxosceles venom glands showed that the venom has a complex composition containing toxins such as phospholipases-D, metalloproteases and hyaluronidases. Here, by screening the RNA from L. intermedia venom glands, we cloned a novel allergen toxin, and named LALLT (LoxoscelesAllergen-Like Toxin). Sequence analysis showed that LALLT is closely related to allergens from other spiders and RNA screening indicated the presence of LALLT orthologues in the venom of other Loxosceles spiders. Recombinant LALLT was expressed (~45 kDa) in baculovirus-infected insect cells and purified by affinity chromatography. Antibodies against different Loxosceles venoms cross-reacted with LALLT and antibodies against LALLT recognized three Loxosceles venoms, revealing epitopes identity. LALLT triggered paw edema in mice and erythema, edema and leukocyte infiltration into the dermis of rabbit skin. Also, LALLT induced vascular permeability in mice, degranulation of rat mesentery mast cells, as well as prompted degranulation and increased calcium influx in RBL-2H3 cells. Data reported suggest for the first time the existence of allergens in Loxosceles venoms and make LALLT available for clinical studies about allergenic events arisen by Loxosceles envenoming.
Copyright © 2020. Published by Elsevier B.V.