The purpose of this study was to investigate changes in lamina cribrosa (LC) depth after trabeculectomy in myopic eyes using enhanced depth imaging (EDI) spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT).
Serial horizontal B-scans of the optic nerve head of 41 myopic eyes with primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) were obtained before and 3 months after trabeculectomy using EDI SD-OCT. LC depth, defined as the distance from the opening plane of Bruch’s membrane to the level of the anterior LC surface, was measured before and 3 months after trabeculectomy at 7 locations spaced equidistantly across the vertical optic disc diameter on B-scan images. The mean of the measurements at these seven planes was defined as the average LC depth. Factors associated with changes in LC depth were identified by linear regression.
Intraocular pressure (IOP) decreased from 26.3 ± 9.3 millimeters of mercury (mm Hg) preoperatively to 10.6 ± 3.5 mm Hg 3 months after trabeculectomy. LC depth was significantly lower 3 months after trabeculectomy than preoperatively (P < 0.001, all planes). The magnitude of LC depth reduction was significantly associated with younger age, higher preoperative LC depth, and greater magnitude of IOP reduction (all P ≤ 0.016).
LC depth reduction was observed after trabeculectomy in myopic eyes. The degree of LC depth reduction was not related to the degree of myopia.