Haemophilia : the official journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia 2017 01 25() doi 10.1111/hae.13178
Chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is prevalent among patients with inherited bleeding disorders and is a leading cause of mortality in those with haemophilia.
We evaluated the efficacy and safety of ledipasvir-sofosbuvir and sofosbuvir plus ribavirin in patients with chronic HCV genotype 1-4 infection and an inherited bleeding disorder.
Ledipasvir-sofosbuvir was administered for 12 weeks to patients with genotype 1 or 4 infection and for 12 or 24 weeks to treatment-experienced cirrhotic patients with genotype 1 infection. Patients with genotype 2 and 3 infection received sofosbuvir plus ribavirin for 12 and 24 weeks respectively.
The majority of the 120 treated patients had a severe bleeding disorder (55%); overall, 65% of patients had haemophilia A and 26% of patients had haemophilia B; 22% were HIV coinfected. Sustained virologic response at 12 weeks posttreatment was 99% (98/99) in patients with genotype 1 or 4 infection; 100% (5/5) in treatment-experienced cirrhotic patients with genotype 1 infection; 100% (10/10) in patients with genotype 2 infection; and 83% (5/6) in patients with genotype 3 infection. There were no treatment discontinuations due to adverse events (AEs). The most frequent non-bleeding AEs were fatigue, headache, diarrhoea, nausea and insomnia. Bleeding AEs occurred in 22 patients, of which all but one were considered unrelated to treatment.
Treatment with ledipasvir-sofosbuvir for patients with HCV genotype 1 or 4 infection or sofosbuvir plus ribavirin for patients with genotype 2 or 3 infection was highly effective and well tolerated among those with inherited bleeding disorders.