Journal of the American Heart Association 2018 03 237(6) pii e008232
Recent studies demonstrated a strong association between atrial fibrillation (AF) and epicardial fat around the left atrium (LA). We sought to assess whether epicardial fat volume around the LA is associated with AF, and to determine the additive value of LA-epicardial fat measurements to LA structural remodeling for identifying patients with AF using 3-dimensional multi-echo Dixon fat-water separated cardiovascular magnetic resonance.
METHODS AND RESULTS
A total of 105 subjects were studied: 53 patients with a history of AF and 52 age-matched patients with other cardiovascular diseases but no history of AF. The 3-dimensional multi-echo Dixon fat-water separated sequence was performed for LA-epicardial fat measurements. AF patients had significantly greater LA-epicardial fat (28.9±12.3 and 14.2±7.3 mL for AF and non-AF, respectively;<0.001) and LA volume (110.8±38.2 and 89.7±30.3 mL for AF and non-AF, respectively;=0.002). LA-epicardial fat adjusted for LA volume was still higher in patients with AF compared with those without AF (<0.001). LA-epicardial fat and hypertension were independently associated with the risk of AF (odds ratio, 1.17; 95% confidence interval, 1.10%-1.25%,<0.001, and odds ratio, 3.29; 95% confidence interval, 1.17%-9.27%,=0.03, respectively). In multivariable logistic regression analysis adjusted for body surface area, LA-epicardial fat remained significant and an increase per mL was associated with a 42% increase in the odds of AF presence (odds ratio, 1.42; 95% confidence interval, 1.23%-1.62%,<0.001). Combined assessment of LA-epicardial fat and LA volume provided greater discriminatory performance for detecting AF than LA volume alone (c-statistic=0.88 and 0.74, respectively, DeLong test;<0.001). CONCLUSIONS
Cardiovascular magnetic resonance 3-dimensional Dixon-based LA-epicardial fat volume is significantly increased in AF patients. LA-epicardial fat measured by 3-dimensional Dixon provides greater performance for detecting AF beyond LA structural remodeling.