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Leptin and Physical Activity in Adult Patients with Anorexia Nervosa: Failure to Demonstrate a Simple Linear Association.

Leptin and Physical Activity in Adult Patients with Anorexia Nervosa: Failure to Demonstrate a Simple Linear Association.
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Stengel A, Haas V, Elbelt U, Correll CU, Rose M, Hofmann T,


Stengel A, Haas V, Elbelt U, Correll CU, Rose M, Hofmann T, (click to view)

Stengel A, Haas V, Elbelt U, Correll CU, Rose M, Hofmann T,

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Nutrients 2017 11 039(11) pii E1210
Abstract

High physical activity (PA) in patients with anorexia nervosa (AN) is hypothesized to be, at least in part, a consequence of hypoleptinemia. However, most studies on the association of leptin and PA in AN were performed in adolescents or young adults, and PA was generally measured with subjective tools. We aimed to explore the association of leptin and PA in adults with AN using an objective technique to quantify PA. Using a cross-sectional, observational design, we analyzed body fat (bioelectrical impedance), PA (accelerometry, SenseWear™ armband) and plasma leptin (ELISA) in 61 women with AN (median age: 25 years, range: 18-52 years; median BMI: 14.8 ± 2.0 kg/m²) at the start of hospitalization. Results indicated a mean step count per day of 12,841 ± 6408 (range: 3956-37,750). Leptin was closely associated with BMI and body fat (ρ = 0.508 and ρ = 0.669, p < 0.001), but not with steps (ρ = 0.015, p = 0.908). Moreover, no significant association was observed between BMI and steps (ρ = 0.189, p = 0.146). In conclusion, there was no simple, linear association of leptin and PA, highlighting the need for more complex and non-linear models to analyze the association of leptin and PA in adults with AN in future studies.

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