Leukotriene (LT) C synthase (LTC4S) catalyzes the conversion from LTA to LTC which is a proinflammatory lipid mediator in asthma and other inflammatory diseases. LTC is metabolized to LTD and LTE, all of which are known as cysteinyl (Cys) LTs and exert physiological functions through CysLT receptors. LTC4S is expressed in adipocytes. However, the function of CysLTs and the regulatory mechanism in adipocytes remain unclear. In this study, we investigated the expression of LTC4S and production of CysLTs in murine adipocyte 3T3-L1 cells and their underlying regulatory mechanisms. Expression of LTC4S and production of LTC and CysLTs increased during adipogenesis, whereas siRNA-mediated suppression of LTC4S expression repressed adipogenesis by reducing adipogenic gene expression. The CysLT1 receptor, one of the two LTC receptors, was expressed in adipocytes. LTC and LTD increased the intracellular triglyceride levels and adipogenic gene expression, and their enhancement was suppressed by co-treatment with pranlukast, a CysLT1 receptor antagonist. Moreover, the expression profiles of LTC4S gene/protein during adipogenesis resembled those of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) γ. LTC4S expression was further upregulated by treatment with troglitazone, a PPARγ agonist. Promoter-luciferase and chromatin immunoprecipitation assays showed that PPARγ directly bound to the PPAR response element of the LTC4S gene promoter in adipocytes. These results indicate that the LTC4S gene expression was enhanced by PPARγ, and LTC and LTD activated adipogenesis through CysLT1 receptors in 3T3-L1 cells. Thus, LTC4S and CysLT1 receptors are novel potential targets for the treatment of obesity.
Copyright © 2021. Published by Elsevier B.V.