The pedunculopontine nucleus (PPN) undergoes significant anatomic and electrophysiological alterations in Parkinson’s disease (PD), severely impacting locomotion. However, the effect of 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) lesion and levodopa (L-DOPA) therapy on the relationships between spike activities and local field potential (LFP) within the PPN is not well-understood. Synchronisation between the spike activity of individual neurones and LFP of neuronal ensembles is a crucial problem in the pathogenesis of PD. In this study, LFP signals and spikes in the PPN of rats in control, lesioned, and L-DOPA groups were recorded synchronously with a multi-unit electrical signal acquisition system and analysed for their coherence value, spike-field coherence, and phase-lock relationship. The spike-LFP relationship in the PPN was markedly increased in specific frequency bands because of the 6-OHDA lesion but differed depending on the animal locomotion state and neuronal type. L-DOPA had a limited therapeutic effect on the 6-OHDA-induced increase in the coherence value. Our study demonstrates that the PPN spike-LFP relationship is involved in the pathogenesis of PD and is critical for the effects of L-DOPA, providing a basis for the clinical treatment of refractory PD symptoms.