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Linear doggybone DNA vaccine induces similar immunological responses to conventional plasmid DNA independently of immune recognition by TLR9 in a pre-clinical model.

Linear doggybone DNA vaccine induces similar immunological responses to conventional plasmid DNA independently of immune recognition by TLR9 in a pre-clinical model.
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Allen A, Wang C, Caproni LJ, Sugiyarto G, Harden E, Douglas LR, Duriez PJ, Karbowniczek K, Extance J, Rothwell PJ, Orefo I, Tite JP, Stevenson FK, Ottensmeier CH, Savelyeva N,


Allen A, Wang C, Caproni LJ, Sugiyarto G, Harden E, Douglas LR, Duriez PJ, Karbowniczek K, Extance J, Rothwell PJ, Orefo I, Tite JP, Stevenson FK, Ottensmeier CH, Savelyeva N, (click to view)

Allen A, Wang C, Caproni LJ, Sugiyarto G, Harden E, Douglas LR, Duriez PJ, Karbowniczek K, Extance J, Rothwell PJ, Orefo I, Tite JP, Stevenson FK, Ottensmeier CH, Savelyeva N,

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Cancer immunology, immunotherapy : CII 2018 01 12() doi 10.1007/s00262-017-2111-y
Abstract

Vaccination with DNA that encodes cancer antigens is a simple and convenient way to raise immunity against cancer and has already shown promise in the clinical setting. Conventional plasmid DNA is commonly used which together with the encoded antigen also includes bacterial immunostimulatory CpG motifs to target the DNA sensor Toll-like receptor 9. Recently DNA vaccines using doggybone DNA (dbDNA™), have been developed without the use of bacteria. The cell-free process relies on the use of Phi29 DNA polymerase to amplify the template followed by protelomerase TelN to complete individual closed linear DNA. The resulting DNA contains the required antigenic sequence, a promoter and a poly A tail but lacks bacterial sequences such as an antibiotic resistance gene, prompting the question of immunogenicity. Here we compared the ability of doggybone DNA vaccine with plasmid DNA vaccine to induce adaptive immunity using clinically relevant oncotargets E6 and E7 from HPV. We demonstrate that despite the inability to trigger TLR9, doggybone DNA was able to induce similar levels of cellular and humoral immunity as plasmid DNA, with suppression of established TC-1 tumours.

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