The homeostasis of the vertebrate body depends on anabolic and catabolic activities that are closely linked the inside and outside of the cell. Lipid metabolism plays an essential role in these metabolic activities. Although a large amount of evidence shows that normal lipid metabolism guarantees the conventional physiological activities of organs in the vertebrate body and that abnormal lipid metabolism plays an important role in the occurrence and deterioration of cardiovascular-related diseases, such as obesity, atherosclerosis, and type II diabetes, little is known about the role of lipid metabolism in cartilage and its diseases. This review aims to summarize the latest advances about the function of lipid metabolism in cartilage and its diseases including osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and cartilage tumors. With the gradual in-depth understanding of lipid metabolism in cartilage, treatment methods could be explored to focus on this metabolic process in various cartilage diseases.
© The Author(s) 2021. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Center for Excellence in Molecular Cell Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.