Human microbiota comprises of trillions of microbes which have evolved with and continued to live on/ within their human hosts. Different environmental factors and diet have a large impact upon human microbiota population. These microorganisms live in synergy with their hosts and are beneficial to the host in many different ways. Many microorganisms help to fight against human diseases. Cancer is one such diseases which effects a large human population often leading to death. Cancer is also one of the most fatal human diseases killing millions of people world-wide every year. Though many treatment procedures are available but none is 100 % effective in curing cancer. In this review, we seek to understand the role of human microbiota in cancer treatment. Lipopeptide(s) (LPs) produced by different microorganisms can act as efficient drug(s) against cancer. LPs are low molecular weight lipo-proteins that are also known for their anti-cancer activities. As human microbiota belongs to an environment within the host body, a drug prepared using these microorganisms will be easily accepted by the body. This novel approach of using LPs produced by human microbiota can be considered for the much needed change in cancer treatment. Therefore, it is proposed that research should focus on the host-microbe interaction which could pave the way in understanding role played by these microorganisms in cancer treatment.Copyright © 2020. Published by Elsevier Ltd.