20 adult type 1 GD patients from an Italian academic referral centre were prospectively submitted to vibration controlled transient elastography (Fibroscan®) with controlled attenuation parameter (CAP); significant steatosis was defined as CAP values ≥ 250 dB/min.
Median CAP values were 234 [165-358] dB/min and 8 patients (40%) had significant steatosis. Significant steatosis was associated with indices of adiposity (weight, BMI and waist circumference), high blood pressure, insulin resistance and metabolic syndrome. GD-related variables and dose and duration of ERT were not associated with significant steatosis. In the subgroup of 16 patients on stable ERT for at least 24 months, CAP resulted significantly and positively associated with liver stiffness (rho 0.559, p=0.024).
Significant steatosis is highly prevalent in adult type 1 GD patients and is strongly associated with a worse metabolic profile, featuring metabolic dysfunction-associated fatty liver disease (MAFLD). MAFLD may determine liver fibrosis progression in GD patients on stable ERT and may be a risk factor for long-term liver-related complications. EWC: 244.
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