Increasing evidence suggests that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) affect the regulation of immune responses, airway inflammation, and other pathological processes involved in asthma. LncRNA PTTG3P is associated with the development of various tumors, but its role in childhood asthma remains unknown. In this study, we investigated the functions of the lncRNA PTTG3P in the progression of childhood asthma.
Twenty-six healthy children and 26 asthmatic children were monitored for disease progression for 2 years. We obtained blood samples during the chronic phase of disease for lncRNA/mRNA expression microarray analysis. A competitive endogenous RNA network (PTTG3P/miR-192-3p/CCNB1) was identified using bioinformatics analyses. Real-time qPCR and western blot were used to quantify gene and protein expression levels, respectively. Cell counting kit‑8 and transwell assays were used to evaluate the proliferation and migration of bronchial epithelial (16HBE) cells. Double luciferase reporter gene assay was used to validate the predictive targets in PTTG3P, miR-192-3p, and CCNB1.
PTTG3P was highly expressed in the peripheral blood of asthmatic children. Knocking down PTTG3P inhibited epithelial-mesenchymal transition, proliferation, and migration of 16HBE cells. PTTG3P promoted progression of childhood asthma by targeting the miR-192-3p/CCNB1 axis.
Childhood asthma was associated with the PTTG3P/miR-192-3p/CCNB1 axis. This study provides potential diagnostic and treatment biomarkers for childhood asthma.

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